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Youth’s attitude towards the family as the presumption of generation solidarity consolidation

Review

Changes of traditional family basis and its tendencies to become more modern are analyzed and discussed from different aspects by sociologists, psychologists, teachers and others in their works. A lot of research which analyzes family transformation problems has been made in Lithuania recently. Many authors relate factors of family institution modernization with changes of socialeconomic environment which occurred in the 1990's and are still continuing. The sequence of priorities changes as well. At first young people want to find a working place, to make a career, obtain worldly goods. We face the deepness of individualization as well. They start treating their partner very rationally, at times even in a consumer-oriented way. Possibility to get financial, practical and social help is not very big due to elder generation's long participation in labour market and due to objective historic factors. At the same time it should be mentioned that social-economic factors influence the youth's behaviour not separately, but together with social-psychological factors: with approach to values, attitudes to different phenomena, images and ideals systems of needs, etc. The nature of psychological phenomena is usually related with microsurrounding features that influence young person directly. The most important among those features are genetic (parental) life as positive example. When solving tasks of family policy strategic planning and creation of preparation for the family programmes, it is important to evaluate all the factors which make influence on family transformations. That encouraged us to analyze the problem of generation solidarity, which has not been analyzed enough. According to M. Bowen (1984) the model of relations in the genitive family gives a possibility to predict the model of relations which a young person will apply in his family relations end even pass onto the next generation. Negative or positive experience, system of values and the range of feelings which have been taken from the genetic family become guidelines to spouses' interpersonal relations, children's upbringing, structure of roles, etc. This is a direct presumption to implement generation solidarity. Our research allowed us to identify how young people tend to evaluate their genetic family: according to statistic data analysis we tried to estimate if the evaluation of parents' interrelations makes influence on the satisfaction of relations between parents and children, and deliberate decision to choose parents' family as the model of their future family. That is why empiric research that analyzes the family image is meaningful and valuable not only from the academic point of view but from practical as well. The state and the society have to know which direction family institution will develop, what the nearest perspectives of its development are, what influence social policy has on demographic policy and how important the expanded family model is for surviving of traditional family. Consideration of the dimensional content of solidarity of generations allows for modelling strategies of family social work and improving
family social policy.

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