Correlation between academic achievements of adolescents from alcoholic families and their roles In the family
Parental alcoholism leads to a dysfunctional environment in the family, which carries the potential to cause various difficulties for the children. The aim of the research is to exam of the correlation between the academic achievements of adolescents from alcoholic families and the adolescent's role in the family. For this purpose CAST-6 (Children of Alcoholics Screening Test, Hodgins and Shimp, 1995) was used; it is meant for identifying the individuals from alcoholic families. To assess the child's role in family was used CRI (Children's Role Inventory) by A. Potter and D. Williams, 1991. Academic achievements of adolescents were asked about their average grades in mathematics and Lithuanian of the last semester. The subjects of the study were 320 schoolchildren in their 8th – 11th school year. 192 girls (60 %) and 128 boys (40 %). The results of the study showed that the Lost Child role in girls is more expressed in families with drinking problems. The rest of the roles are expressed with the same frequency in families with and without drinking problems. The academic achievements of adolescents from families with drinking problems do not differ from the academic achievements of adolescents from families without drinking problems.The academic achievements of adolescents can be predicted by examining their roles in the family and their sex. A strongly expressed role of the Hero determines higher average grades in mathematics, while a strongly expressed role of the Mascot results in lower average grades in the same subject. A strongly expressed role of the Hero in the family together with being a female determines higher average grades in the Lithuanian language,
while a strongly expressed role of the Mascot results in lower average grades in the Lithuanian language.