Social construction: discursive perspective towards supervision
The aim of publication is to discuss the development of supervision theory in relation with social and social work theory and practice. Main focus in the analysis is done to social constructionist ideas and its' relevance to supervision practice. The development of supervision is related with supervision practice. Starting in 19th century supervision from giving practical advices supervision came to 21st century as dialog based on critical and philosophical reflection. Different theory and practice methods are developed in modern time. Starting in social work field supervision overstepped to other professional fields. Association of National Organizations for Supervision in Europe notes that today's supervisors "work as freelance consultants and they implemented the concept of supervision as a stand-alone profession with standardized trainings, systems of quality assurance based on lively professional and scientific discussion and ethical codes all over Europe". Supervision primarily serves the development of individuals and organizations. It improves the professional lives of individuals regarding their roles in institutional contexts (http://www.anse.eu). The development of today's supervision toward discursive approach is discussed in the article. In West Europe more and more supervisors use supervision methods based on social constructionist perspective. Foundations of social constructionist perspective as not a singular and unified perspective is presented and relevance of its' idea to supervision practice is analyzed. Derrida's deconstruction is discussed more precisely and the relevance of the idea to supervision practice is illustrated by representation of real cases from supervision practice. Externalization of problem is presented as another idea of constructionist practice in supervision. Summing-up discussion presented in article it is noted, that discursive perspective is especially important in today's multicultural societies. Supervisors have to be able to examine the dominant cultural ideas, which inform and shape their practice and practice of supervisees. Practicing with ideas of discursive perspective supports supervisors reflexivity and helps to remain accountable, able to accept different "truths" and not to be afraid of mistakes. All together helps for supervisor to develop own practice and support the reflection and development of supervisees' practice.